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写好Persuasive Essay要注意这两点

写好Persuasive Essay要注意这两点

很多留学生都搞不清楚Persuasive Essay与Argument Essay的区别,两者既有联系也有区别。Persuasive Essay写作并不是单纯的辩论性文章,Persuasive Essay是需要用阐述自己的观点并给以说服,需要列举论证和层层论证。下面浩天教育就告诉各位留学生们写好Persuasive Essay需要注意的两个知识点。

What is a persuasive/argument essay?
      Persuasive writing, also known as the argument essay, utilizes logic and reason to show that one idea is more legitimate than another idea. It attempts to persuade a reader to adopt a certain point of view or to take a particular action. The argument must always use sound reasoning and solid evidence by stating facts, giving logical reasons, using examples, and quoting experts.

①When planning a persuasive essay, follow these steps:

Choose your position. 
      Which side of the issue or problem are you going to write about, and what solution will you offer? Know the purpose of your essay.

Analyze your audience.
      Decide if your audience agrees with you, is neutral, or disagrees with your position.

Research your topic. 
      A persuasive essay must provide specific and convincing evidence. Often it is necessary to go beyond your own knowledge and experience. You might need to go to the library or interview people who are experts on your topic.

Structure your essay. 
      Figure out what evidence you will include and in what order you will present the evidence. Remember to consider your purpose, your audience, and you topic.

The following criteria are essential to produce an effective argument:

Be well informed about your topic.
      To add to your knowledge of a topic, read thoroughly about it, using legitimate sources. Take notes.

Test your thesis. 
      Your thesis, i.e., argument, must have two sides. It must be debatable. If you can write down a thesis statement directly opposing your own, you will ensure that your own argument is debatable.

Disprove the opposing argument.
      Understand the opposite viewpoint of your position and then counter it by providing contrasting evidence or by finding mistakes and inconsistencies in the logic of the opposing argument.

Support your position with evidence. 
      Remember that your evidence must appeal to reason.

②The following are different ways to support your argument:

Facts – A powerful means of convincing, facts can come from your reading, observation, or personal experience.
Note: Do not confuse facts with truths. A “truth” is an idea believed by many people, but it cannot be proven.

Statistics – These can provide excellent support. Be sure your statistics come from responsible sources. Always cite your sources.

Quotes – Direct quotes from leading experts that support your position are invaluable.

Examples – Examples enhance your meaning and make your ideas concrete. They are the proof.

下面给大家提供一些Persuasive Essay topics,大家可以先思考一下自己要是遇到这些题目该怎么去写,不一定要全文写出来,但是起码要自己的写作思路和写作提纲,这样会以后的essay写作也有助于培养写作思路。
      Terrorist attacks in the United States.
      Terrorism: it’s high time to stop that war.
      Human cloning is wrong.
      Human cloning and family values.
      Greenhouse affect as a result of deforesting.
      Pollution is a consistent demolition of the earth.
      Anorexia is a cause of weight loss.
      Abuse at home and domestic violence should be punished.
      Abortion should be encouraged.
      Media violence has a negative effect.
      Single parent families – children which are devoid from full-fledged care.
      The negative effect of divorce parents on child physics.
      Unnecessary curfew for children under the age of fifteen.
      The influence of the Internet: More harm than good or vice versa.
      Abortion. Another name for murder or a desperate necessity.
      Sexual abuse and incest should be banned or have a right to exist.
      Free public transport for everybody: for or against.
      School uniform. Good tradition or outdated habit.
      Use these examples to write your own list of persuasive essay topics and good luck with your work!

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