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留学生英文论文Methodology写作指南

Methodology,也就是研究方法,也叫方法论,是很多英文论文文体中必不可少的一部分,如果研究方法写得好的话,那么对于论文的研究可信度是有很大的帮助的,可是对很多留学生们来说对Methodology部分的写作并不是那么得心应手。为此本文中HotEssay小编就给各位留学生们搜罗了一些Methodology写作指南,或许对大家的Methodology部分写作有些帮助。

如果你想让你的研究方法显得更可信,那就别无选择,只能详细地理解,如何写一种方法。一个研究方法将有助于展示你的知识,使用替代方法,有助于展示你的研究课题更有效。证明你的研究的最好的方法是使用定性或定量的研究过程。以下是你应该遵循的一般准则,这取决于你写的论文或研究论文的类型。

当你在写一个方法论的时候,记住你应该解释你的基本研究计划。你需要开始与一些介绍线路,重申你的目的研究。使用你用于介绍的基本短语和语句是好的。然后,你需要开始为你的方法论章节写下的信息:

参与者
这是你解释你的基本研究进行的一部分,使用人口或样品考虑。您需要定义您已考虑的人口或样本。然后,你需要解释多少参与者或样本被包含在这项研究中,你选择他们的方式。

仪器仪表
仪器部分是你解释的计算,技术,程序,校准图和所使用的设备,适用于你的论文。如果你已经进行了一项调查,解释如何,当,为什么你进行它,如果你正在使用别人进行的一项调查,确保你的来源。你应该包括在附录中的调查的原始副本和在你的方法,调查包括在附录中。

时间周期与程
方法的另一个重要方面是解释当你开始进行你的研究和时间,它结束或将结束。你也应该解释你在进行研究的过程中的任何一个程序,如参与者的填写同意书,以及参与者的指示等等。

分析
现在最重要的一部分是写一个方法论。您需要详细分析您所获得的数据。你需要回答你要解决的每一个研究问题。专门进行统计测试,有助于确定数据中的依赖和独立变量(如果存在)。你甚至可以解释用来帮助你得出结论的计算机软件。

评估
例如,在你的研究所使用的工具的情况下,例如,一个调查,你需要证明其有效性和可靠性。有效性是你的测量的准确性。你需要包括你的调查的表面效度,内容效度,涵盖的主题和结构效度,是指你已经使用的理论探索调查。可靠性是你的研究的稳定性随着时间的推移。如果你的调查是由一个可以进行随机误差的测量,你的调查失去了它的可靠性。

假设
很明显,当你在写一个研究论文时,你需要提出假设。你需要特别说明不同的假设来支持你的研究问题。

局限性和适用范围
局限性和范围是每一项研究的重要组成部分。范围是研究可以扩大和限制的程度,包括时间限制,参与者的损失等。研究的质量,以越来越多的限制。
写一个方法论时,最好使用过去式去完成,因为你研究方法或者实验过程在前,写论文在后,所以最好用过去来写。不包括任何不必要的信息或结果,不持有足够的关联性。确保你校对你的研究报告,很多时候你可以减少错误,拼写错误和语法错误。

上面是中文版的,以下HotEssay小编还为奉上了英文原版供大家阅读:

If you want to make your research appear more credible there is no option but to understand in detail, how to write a methodology. 

A research methodology will help you showcase your knowledge of using alternative methods that help in presenting your research topic more valid. The best way to demonstrate your research is by using a qualitative or quantitative research process. The following are the general guidelines that you should follow depending on the type of dissertation or research paper you are writing.

Tips on Writing a Methodology for a Research Paper
When you are writing a methodology, keep in mind you are supposed to explain your basic research plan. You need to begin with a few introductory lines that restate your purpose for research. It is alright to use the basic phrases and statements you used for the Introduction chapter. Then you need to begin writing the following information for your methodology chapter:

Participants

This is the part where you explain your basic research conducted using population or samples considered. You need to define the population or sample you have taken into consideration. Then you need to explain how many participants or samples were included in the study and the way you selected them.
You can explain the population considered using just one statement or short explanation. However, when it comes to the procedure of sampling you need to explain in detail. You will also have to detail how you selected the sample, the place, time, specific names (if possible or needed), number of participants or samples considered, etc. Do not miss out on any detail as it very important to explain the representation of your population to the reader.

Instrumentation

The instrumentation part is where you explain the calculations, techniques, procedures, calibration plots and equipment used, whichever is applicable for your paper. If you have conducted a survey, explain how, when, why you conducted it and if you are using a survey conducted by someone else, make sure you state the source. You should include the original copy of the survey in the appendix and state in your methodology that the survey is included in the appendix.

Time Period and Procedure
Another important aspect of methodology is to explain when you began conducting your research and the time it ended or will end. You should also explain any of the procedures you followed while conducting the research such as filling consent forms by the participants, instructions handed out to the participants, etc.

Analysis

Now comes the most significant part of writing a methodology. You need to analyze the data you acquired in detail. You need to answer each of the research questions you have to address. Perform statistical tests specifically that helps identify the dependent and independent variables in the data (if present). You can even explain the computer software that was used to help you come to the conclusion.

Assessment

In case of the instruments you have used for your research, for example, a survey, you need to prove its validity as well as reliability. Validity is the accuracy of your measurement. You need to include the face validity of your survey, content validity that covers the topic and construct validity that refers to the theories you have used to explore the survey. Reliability is the stability of your research over time. If your survey consists of a measurement that can undergo random error, your survey loses its reliability.

Assumptions

Obviously as you are writing a research paper, you will need to propose assumptions. You will need to specifically state the different assumptions made to support your research questions.

Limitation and Scope

Limitation and scope is the part and parcel of every research study. Scope is the extent to which the research can be expanded and limitations include the time constraints, loss of participants, etc. The quality of the research takes a downfall with the increasing number of limitations.

When writing a methodology, always use past tense. Provide detailed information for your research, so that another researcher can use it for his/her experiments. Do not include any unnecessary information or outcomes that do not hold enough relevancy. Make sure you proofread your research paper as many times you can, to minimize the number of errors, typos and grammatical mistakes. Hope the above information has helped answer your question how to write a research methodology in detail.

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